鸡内金 Ji Nei Jin / Dried chicken’s gizzard membrane

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Description

鸡内金 Ji Nei Jin / Dried chicken’s gizzard membrane 

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Endothelium Corneum Gigeriae Galli

入药部位

 语音

动物的干燥沙囊内壁。

炮制方法

 语音

1、鸡内金:洗净,干燥。
2、炒鸡内金:取净鸡内金,依烫法(药物与热砂同炒的一种炮制方法)炒至鼓起。
3、醋鸡内金:取净鸡内金,依烫法(指药物与热砂同炒的一种炮制方法)炒至鼓起,喷醋,取出,干燥。

性味

 语音

甘,平。

归经

 语音

归脾、胃、小肠、膀胱经。

功效

健胃消食,涩精止遗,通淋化石。

主治

用于食积不消,呕吐泻痢,小儿疳积,遗尿,遗精,石淋涩痛,胆胀胁痛。

相关配伍

1、消渴引饮,日至一石者:菠根、鸡内金等分,为末。米饮服一钱,日三。(《经验方》)
2、一切口疮:鸡内金烧灰敷之,立效。(《活幼新书》)
3、阴头疳蚀:鸡内金(不落水)拭净,新瓦焙脆,出火毒,为细末。先以米泔水洗疮,乃搽之。亦治口疳。(《经验方》)

用法用量

煎服,3~10g;研末服,每次1.5~3g。研末服效果优于煎剂。

禁忌

脾虚无积滞者慎用。
The inner wall of the gizzard can be peeled out and is called “internal chicken gold,” and when used in Chinese medicine, it can help eliminate stagnation of Qi and blood in the body and can also tonify the kidneys.
Promote digestion and invigorate spleen, arrest seminal emission and relieve enuresis.

A. Food stagnation, infantile malnutrition with accumulation

It is widely used for all kinds of food stagnation for its strong actions of promoting digestion, dissipating food stagnation and invigorating spleen-stomach.

For milder case of food stagnation, it can be ground into powder singly for oral use; for severer case, it is combined with Shan Zha and Mai Ya. For infantile malnutrition with accumulation due to spleen deficiency, it is combined with spleen-invigorating herbs such as Bai Zhu and Shan Yao.

B. Seminal emission and enuresis based on kidney deficiency

It can arrest seminal emission and relieve enuresis. It can be stir-baked singly and ground into powder for oral use, or combined with kidney-tonifying, semen-securing and enuresis-relieving herbs. For instance it is combined with Tu Si Zi and Sang Piao Xiao in Ji Pi Zhi San from Sheng Hui Fang.

In addition, for it enters urinary bladder meridian and has the actions of relieving stranguria and eliminating stone, it is indicated for urinary and gall stones and usually combined with the stranguria-relieving diuretic such as Jin Qian Cao.

Dosage and Administrations

Decoct 3~10 g, l.5~3 g of the powder being taken with better effect.

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